ascetic


ascetic
ascetic adj austere, *severe, stern
Analogous words: disciplined, trained, schooled (see TEACH): self- denying, self-abnegating (see corresponding nouns at RENUNCIATION): abstaining or abstinent, forbearing (see corresponding verbs at REFRAIN): abstemious (see corresponding noun at TEMPERANCE)
Antonyms: luxurious, voluptuous (see SENSUOUS)
Contrasted words: *sensuous, sensual, epicurean, sybaritic: dissolute, *abandoned
ascetic n Ascetic, mystic and their derivative nouns asceticism, mysticism though not true synonyms are not always clearly distinguished, partly because of overlapping implications but largely because the first two are often applicable to the same person. Historically many of the great mystics have been ascetics. But ascetic suggests an austere mode of life in which everything that does not. contribute to or may interfere with the end in view (usually spiritual or sometimes intellectual perfection) is sacrificed, and certain acts (as fasting and mortification) are practiced not for their own sake but for their disciplinary effect especially in strengthening one’s powers of contemplation.
Mystic, on the other hand, suggests the possession of a power (as a high capacity for contemplation) or of an inner revelation, by means of which one overpasses the limits of human reason and by spiritual insight comes to a knowledge of that which is divine or supernatural. Ascetic and mystic, therefore, when applied to the same person, regard him from different points of view; the former implies that he practices austerities believed favorable to spiritual contemplation; the latter, that he has had the mystical experiences that are the end of contemplation. But the two terms do not necessarily imply each other; ascetic, even when applied to those who aim at spiritual perfection, does not connote attainment of mystical knowledge; mystic, on the other hand, does not in itself imply a connection with an ascetic life.
Although asceticism and mysticism may denote doctrines or practices, their chief differences are apparent when they denote the theory upon which such doctrines and practices are based. Asceticism often designates the theory that abstinence from otherwise lawful acts or pleasures and the practice of austerities are conducive to spiritual and intellectual perfection; mysticism, the theory that immediate knowledge of God or ultimate reality is attainable through a faculty that transcends the reason and makes no use of ordinary human perceptive or ratiocinative powers
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one is sometimes tempted to think that to approve mysticism is to preach asceticism. Certainly many mystics have been ascetic. But that has been the accident of their philosophy and not the essence of their religion— Ellis

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Analogous words: anchorite, hermit, eremite, cenobite (see RECLUSE): monk, friar, nun, *religious
Antonyms: bon vivant
Contrasted words: *epicure, gourmet, gourmand, glutton: sensualist, voluptuary, sybarite (see corresponding adjectives at SENSUOUS)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • ascetic — ASCÉTIC, Ă, ascetici, ce, adj., s.f. 1. adj. Care aparţine ascetului, ascetismului sau ascezei, privitor la ascet, ascetism sau asceză. 2. s.f. Ramură a teologiei care se ocupă cu viaţa şi operele unor asceţi creştini. – Din fr. ascétique. Trimis …   Dicționar Român

  • Ascetic — As*cet ica. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to exercise, to practice gymnastics.] Extremely rigid in self denial and devotions; austere; severe. [1913 Webster] The stern ascetic rigor of the Temple discipline. Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ascetic — As*cet ic, n. In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self denial, and self mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self denial… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ascetic — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ strictly self disciplined and avoiding any sensory pleasures or luxuries. ► NOUN ▪ an ascetic person. DERIVATIVES ascetically adverb asceticism noun. ORIGIN from Greek ask t s monk , from askein …   English terms dictionary

  • ascetic — index dispassionate, harsh, stoical Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • ascetic — [adj] self denying abstaining, abstemious, abstinent, austere, disciplined, puritanical, Spartan, strict; concept 401 …   New thesaurus

  • ascetic — [ə set′ik] adj. [Gr(Ec) askētikos, austere < Gr, laborious, exercised < askein, to exercise, train (for athletic competition)] of or characteristic of ascetics or asceticism; self denying; austere: also ascetical n. [< Gr askētēs, monk,… …   English World dictionary

  • ascetic — [[t]əse̱tɪk[/t]] ascetics ADJ GRADED: usu ADJ n An ascetic person has a way of life that is simple and strict, usually because of their religious beliefs. She has never been close to her ascetic, workaholic father. ...priests practising an… …   English dictionary

  • ascetic — {{11}}ascetic (adj.) 1640s, from Gk. asketikos rigorously self disciplined, laborious, from asketes monk, hermit, earlier one who practices an art or trade, from askein to exercise, train, originally to train for athletic competition, practice… …   Etymology dictionary

  • ascetic — as|cet|ic [əˈsetık] adj [Date: 1600 1700; : Greek; Origin: asketikos, from asketes person who exercises, hermit , from askein to work, exercise ] living without any physical pleasures or comforts, especially for religious reasons ▪ an ascetic… …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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